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2018年国际数学联盟五大奖揭晓。

2018-8-2 10:11| 发布者: xiaohuhu| 查看: 742| 评论: 0|原作者: xiaohuhu

摘要: 2018年高斯奖的得主斯坦福大学教授David Donoho. 表彰他在信号处理中重要问题的数学、统计和计算分析方面做出的基础性贡献(For his fundamental contributions to the mathematical, statisticaland computational ...
2018年高斯奖的得主斯坦福大学教授David Donoho. 表彰他在信号处理中重要问题的数学、统计和计算分析方面做出的基础性贡献(For his fundamental contributions to the mathematical, statisticaland computational analysis of important problems in signal processing.)。

David Donoho.JPG



2018年陈省身奖(Chern Medal Award)颁发给日本数学家柏原正树(Masaki Kashiwara),表彰他近50年对代数分析和表示理论杰出和基础性的贡献。(For his outstanding and foundational contributions toalgebraic analysis and representation theory sustained over a period of almost 50 years.)

Masaki Kashiwara.JPG


2018年Leelavati奖得主是土耳其数学家 Ali Nesin。表彰他在提升数学在土耳其的公众认知度,尤其是他不知疲倦地创建“数学村庄”意图为所有人提供一个数学教育、研究和发现的平和场所方面做出的突出贡献。(For his outstanding contributions towards increasing publicawareness of mathematics in Turkey, in particular for his tireless work increating the "Mathematical Village" as an exceptional, peaceful placefor education, research and the exploration of mathematics for anyone.)

Ali Nesin.JPG

2018年菲尔兹奖得主。

英国剑桥大学伊朗裔英国人Caucher Birkar. 表彰他证明了法诺代数簇的有界性以及对极小模型理论的贡献(For the proof of the boundedness of Fano varieties and for contributions to the minimal model program.)。

瑞士苏黎世ETH大学意大利人 Alessio Figalli. 表彰他为最优运输理论及其在偏微分方程,度量几何和概率中的应用做出的贡献。(For contributions to the theory of optimal transport and its applications in partial differential equations, metric geometry and probability.)。

德国波恩大学、德国马普研究所德国人Peter Scholze。表彰他通过引入完美空间把算术代数几何转换到p进域上,并应用于伽罗瓦表示,以及开发新的上同调理论。(For transforming arithmetic algebraic geometry over p-adic fields through his introduction of perfectoid spaces, with application to Galois representations, and for the development of new cohomology theories.)。

美国斯坦福大学印度裔澳大利亚人Akshay Venkatesh。表彰他综合分析数论,齐次动力系统,拓扑学和表示理论,解决了算术对象分布等方面长期存在的问题。(For his synthesis of analytic number theory, homogeneous dynamics,topology, and representation theory, which has resolved long-standing problemsin are as such as the equidistribution of arithmetic objects.)。


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纳瓦林纳奖。得主是美国麻省理工学院的Constantinos Daskalakis。表彰他改变了人们对市场,拍卖,均衡和其他经济结构中基本问题的计算复杂性的理解。他的工作提供了有效的算法和对这些领域进行有效操作的限制。(For transforming our understanding of the computational complexity of fundamental problems in markets, auctions, equilibria, and other economic structures. His work provides both efficient algorithms and limits on what canbe performed efficiently in these domains.)。

Constantinos Daskalakis.JPG





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