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2015 Abel Prize to Nash and Nirenberg(z)

2015-3-26 13:02| 发布者: 博士家园| 查看: 1064| 评论: 0|原作者: math1

摘要: 2015 Abel Prize to Nash and Nirenberg Wednesday March 25th 2015 The Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Letters will award the 2015 Abel Prize to John F. Nash Jr. (left), Princeton University, and Lou ...
2015 Abel Prize to Nash and Nirenberg
Wednesday March 25th 2015

The Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Letters will award the 2015 Abel Prize to John F. Nash Jr. (left), Princeton University, and Louis Nirenberg (right), Courant Institute, New York University, "for striking and seminal contributions to the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations and its applications to geometric analysis."

Although Nash and Nirenberg did not formally collaborate on any papers, they influenced each other greatly. The Abel committee writes: "Their breakthroughs have developed into versatile and robust techniques that have become essential tools for the study of nonlinear partial differential equations. Their impact can be felt in all branches of the theory." Read more about the laureates and their work.

"On behalf of the American Mathematical Society, it is a great pleasure to congratulate John F. Nash, Jr. and Louis Nirenberg, recipients of the 2015 Abel Prize.  Dr. Nash's work in extending our understanding of game theory, partial differential equations, and analytic geometry has been an inspiration to mathematicians and economists everywhere, and Professor Nirenberg's unparallelled leadership in analysis has revolutionized our understanding of the power of analytical methods.  Their foundational works continue to profoundly influence research in mathematics and economics, to the lasting benefit of us all," writes Robert Bryant, AMS President.

Nash has received the Nobel Prize in Economics (1994), the John von Neumann Theory Prize (1978) and the AMS Steele Prize for Seminal Contribution to Research (1999). Nirenberg has received the AMS Bôcher Memorial Prize (1959), the inaugural Crafoord Prize (1982), the AMS Steele Prize for Lifetime Achievement(1994), the first Chern Medal for lifetime achievement (2010), and--along with Luis A. Caffarelli and Robert Kohn—the AMS  Steele Prize for Seminal Contribution to Research (2014).

See also: Interview with Louis Nirenberg by Notices senior writer and deputy editor Allyn Jackson (Notices of the AMS, April 2002), "On the Work of Louis Nirenberg, and "John Nash and 'A Beautiful Mind'" by John Milnor, on Nash's work and his biography by Sylvia Nasar (Notices of the AMS, November 1998).

 

中文报道:

    挪威科学与文学院25日宣布,将2015年度阿贝尔奖授予美国数学家约翰·纳什和路易斯·尼伦伯格,以表彰他们在非线性偏微分方程方面所作出的卓越贡献。挪威科学与文学院在颁奖词中说,纳什和尼伦伯格的突破已发展成应用广泛、功能强大的数学方法,成为研究非线性偏微分方程的关键工具,其影响遍及该理论的所有分支。他们对非线性偏微分方程理论及其在几何分析方面的应用作出了开创性的显著贡献。

据介绍,纳什生于1928年,其主要职业生涯是在美国普林斯顿大学和麻省理工学院。尼伦伯格生于1925年,其主要职业生涯是在美国纽约大学库兰特数学研究所。尽管两人没有在任何论文上正式合作,但在上世纪50年代,他们互相影响巨大,其成果到了今天尤为重要。

除了数学,纳什在博弈论方面的成就最广为人知。因对博弈论作出巨大贡献,他成为1994年诺贝尔经济学奖得主之一。获得2002年奥斯卡最佳影片奖的影片《美丽心灵》就是根据他的传奇经历改编而成。

 

阿贝尔是19世纪的挪威天才数学家,很多以他名字命名的发现已载入教科书。2002年阿贝尔诞辰200周年时,挪威政府决定设立阿贝尔奖,意在弥补诺贝尔科学奖项中没有数学奖的遗憾。这项国际性大奖授予最杰出的数学家,金额为600万挪威克朗(约合76万美元),从2003年起每年颁发一次。


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